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What are the elements of weather?

What are the elements of weather, simple changes that occur within one part of the weather system can affect the entire system with large and obvious changes, and some activities such as industry and agriculture contribute to affecting the weather, and benefit from more information on this topic, we will learn on the reference site on Weather elements, and some information related to them.   




Define weather

Weather can be defined as a set of changes that occur within the atmosphere, as they are usually observed from one week to another week or from one day to another day, and these changes, whether it is snow and rain, the formation of clouds or the difference in the intensity of solar rays, they have important effects On the lives of people and the activities that they do directly, the weather varies from moment to moment based on several factors, such as humidity, atmospheric pressure, precipitation, wind, etc. Scientists will be able to predict the weather well.


weather elements

Weather represents the state of both the atmosphere and the manifestations that occur within it, such as rain and snow for short periods or a change in temperature during the day and night. The weather has an important impact on all the daily activities of the members of society, and the blowing of storms and hurricanes can disrupt business or tasks due to the massive destruction resulting from them, and it should be noted that the weather does not remain constant in its place, but changes and differs at any moment or hour, because it depends on Several variable elements, for example temperature, humidity, precipitation, atmospheric pressure, formation of clouds and winds, which we will clearly talk about each of them as follows:


temperature

It is called in the English language (Temperature), and it can be considered one of the most important elements of the weather, as it varies greatly between day and night, and is related to the movement and direction of the wind, as the southern winds usually lead to a rise in temperature within the northern hemisphere, while the northern winds lead To a decrease in the temperature within the southern hemisphere, in addition to the fact that the temperature depends on the level of depression or height relative to the Earth’s surface, the higher we go, the lower the temperature and vice versa. 


Humidity

It is called in the English language (humidity), and it is a quantity of water vapor that is present in the air, as warm air usually contains more water vapor than cold air, and the humidity percentage can vary due to the location, as we find it close to zero. In desert places, while it may reach up to 100% in cases of precipitation, the term relative humidity refers to the ratio between the water vapor present in the air at a specific temperature and the largest amount of water vapor that may be present in the air at the same temperature, which we call the degree of saturation. 


precipitation

We can call it (Precipitation) in the English language, and it represents the main method of transformations and changes that occur in water during the natural water cycle, and it is defined as the various cases of how water descends from the clouds, and thus precipitation contributes to the formation of the most important weather elements, such as hail, rain, and snow, where rain falls when water vapors condense within the clouds, then the clouds are filled and become saturated in a way that does not allow them to retain a greater amount of water, while we find snow is formed due to the transformation and transfer of gaseous water vapor directly to its solid-state and its precipitation in the form of flakes From snow, it is formed from ice crystals. 


Atmospheric pressure

It is called in the English language (Atmospheric pressure), and atmospheric pressure exerts a small influence on the weather, but knowing the natural changes, such as its rise or fall, will indicate an important indicator that can be used to predict the weather, where a device called a mercury barometer is used to measure pressure, so the pressure rise indicates Towards moderate weather, while its decrease indicates the possibility of a storm approaching. 


the clouds

They are called (Clouds) in the English language, and they represent one of the main elements of the weather, in addition to being a major factor in the changes that occur to it. The atmosphere is towards the upper layers of the atmosphere, where the air is of low temperature, which leads to the start of water condensation over fine particles, such as ice crystals, dust particles, or salt granules found in the sea, and their size begins to double and increase. 


wind

We call them in the English language (Winds), and winds express the movement or movement of masses of air from one location to another horizontally or parallel to the ground, based on the change in the value of atmospheric pressure from one place to another, as the wind moves from places of high atmospheric pressure to places of low pressure. always air.


The difference between weather and climate

Some may think that these two terms express one meaning, and this may be due to the great connection between these two concepts, but they are different. While the climate is intended to express the expected weather condition at a particular time, as the climate expects that the prevailing weather during July will be humid and hot, especially on the eastern-southern side, it may include the maximum value of temperatures or rates of snow precipitation, and from it, we find that the climate is measured by an average of The weather that is seen for long periods daily, as a result of the great possibility that the weather will change from one minute to another, and from one season to another as well.


In the end, we come to the conclusion of our topic, in which we clarified the appropriate answer to the question of what are the elements of weather, as we got to know the concept of weather more clearly, and we talked about each element of weather in detail, and finally added the difference between weather and climate.

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